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Stressors, coping, and coping effectiveness: gender, type of sport, and skill differences

Nicholls, Adam R, Polman, Remco, Levy, Andrew R, Taylor, Jamie and Cobley, Stephen (2007) Stressors, coping, and coping effectiveness: gender, type of sport, and skill differences. Journal of Sports Sciences, 25 (13). pp. 1521-1530. ISSN 0264-0414

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The aim of this study was to examine stressors, coping, and coping effectiveness as a function of gender, type of sport, and skill. The sample consisted of 749 undergraduate athletes (455 males, 294 females) aged 18 – 38 years (mean = 19.8 years). Skill was classified as international/national, county, university, and club standard. Participants completed a stressor and coping concept map (Novak & Gowin, 1984). The results revealed gender, type of sport, and skill differences in relation to stressor frequencies, coping strategy deployment, and coping effectiveness. In contrast to previous research, females used a variety of problem-focused (e.g. planning, communication, technique-orientated coping) strategies more frequently than males. Team sport athletes reported a variety of sport-specific stressors relating to the demands of playing in a team environment. The group of national/international athletes reported using more planning, blocking, and visualization, and also reported that their coping was more effective than that of less-skilled athletes.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:

Online ISSN: 1466-447X

Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID22069. coping, stress, sport psychology, athletes, gender
Subjects: Current > FOR Classification > 1701 Psychology
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL)
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 29 Mar 2012 05:02
Last Modified: 30 Jan 2015 02:55
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Citations in Scopus: 77 - View on Scopus

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