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Muscle Deoxygenation and Neural Drive to the Muscle during Repeated Sprint Cycling

Racinais, S, Bishop, David, Lattier, G, Mendez-Villaneuva, Alberto, Perrey, S and Denis, R (2007) Muscle Deoxygenation and Neural Drive to the Muscle during Repeated Sprint Cycling. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 39 (2). pp. 268-274. ISSN 0195-9131 (print) 1530-0315 (online)

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Abstract

Purpose: To investigate muscle deoxygenation and neural drive-related changes during repeated cycling sprints in a fatiguing context. Methods: Nine healthy male subjects performed a repeated-sprint test (consisting of 10 × 6-s maximal sprints interspaced by 30 s of recovery). Oxygen uptake was measured breath-by-breath; muscle deoxygenation of the vastus lateralis was assessed continuously using the near-infrared spectroscopy technique. Surface electromyograms (RMS) of both vastus lateralis and biceps femoris were also recorded. Furthermore, before and after the repeated-sprint test, the percentage of muscle activation by voluntary drive (twitch-interpolated method) was measured during a maximal voluntary contraction. Results and Discussion: Consistent with previous research, our data showed a significant power decrement during repeated-sprint exercise. There was also a progressive muscle deoxygenation, but our data showed that the ability of the subjects to use available O2 throughout the entire repeated-sprint test was well preserved. Our data displayed a significant decrement in the RMS activity during the acceleration phase of each sprint across the repeated-sprint exercise. Moreover, decrement in motor drive was confirmed after exercise by a significant decrease in both percentage of voluntary activation and RMS/M-wave ratio during a maximal voluntary contraction. Conclusion: In this experimental design, our findings suggest that the ability to repeat short-duration (6 s) sprints was associated with the occurrence of both peripheral and central fatigue.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID22098. muscle deoxygenation, neural drive, repeated sprint cycling, repeated sprint ability, RSA, sprints, intense exercise, central activation, metabolic anaerobiosis, anaerobic, near-infrared spectroscopy, neuromuscular efficiency, muscle strength
Subjects: Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL)
FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 02 Apr 2012 23:44
Last Modified: 11 Dec 2014 23:21
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/8053
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1249/01.mss.0000251775.46460.cb
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Citations in Scopus: 115 - View on Scopus

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