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Comparison of muscle buffer capacity and repeated-sprint ability of untrained, endurance-trained and team-sport athletes

Edge, Johann and Bishop, David and Hill-Haas, Stephen and Dawson, Brian and Goodman, Carmel (2006) Comparison of muscle buffer capacity and repeated-sprint ability of untrained, endurance-trained and team-sport athletes. European Journal of Applied Physiology, 96 (3). pp. 225-234. ISSN 1439-6319

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Abstract

We measured the muscle buffer capacity (βm) and repeated-sprint ability (RSA) of young females, who were either team-sport athletes (n=7), endurance trained (n=6) or untrained but physically active (n=8). All subjects performed a graded exercise test to determine \ifmmode\expandafter\dot\else\expandafter\.\fi{V}O2peak followed 2 days later by a cycle test of RSA (5×6 s, every 30 s). Resting muscle samples (Vastus lateralis) were taken to determine βm. The team-sport group had a significantly higher βm than either the endurance-trained or the untrained groups (181±27 vs. 148±11 vs. 122±32 μmol H+ g dm−1 pH−1 respectively; P<0.05). The team-sport group also completed significantly more relative total work (299±27 vs. 263±31 vs. 223±21 J kg−1, respectively; P<0.05) and absolute total work (18.2±1.6 vs. 14.6±2.4 vs. 13.0±1.9 kJ, respectively; P<0.05) than the endurance-trained or untrained groups during the RSA test. The team-sport group also had a greater post-exercise blood lactate concentration, but not blood pH. There was a significant correlation between βm and RSA (r = 0.67; P<0.05). Our findings show that young females competing in team sports have a larger βm than either endurance-trained or untrained females. This may be the result of the intermittent, high-intensity activity during training and the match play of team-sport athletes. The team-sport athletes also had a greater RSA than either the endurance-trained or untrained subjects. The greater total work by team-sport athletes was predominantly due to a better performance during the early sprints of the repeated-sprint bout.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:

Online ISSN: 1439-6327

Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID22139. high-intensity training, lactate accumulation, H+ regulation, muscle buffer capacity, repeated-sprint ability, RSA, exercise, female athletes, females, team-sports
Subjects: Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL)
FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 27 Jan 2012 00:28
Last Modified: 04 Feb 2015 05:37
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/8092
DOI: 10.1007/s00421-005-0056-x
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Citations in Scopus: 33 - View on Scopus

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