Physiological and metabolic responses of repeated-sprint activities: specific to field-based team sports

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Spencer, Matt, Bishop, David, Dawson, Brian and Goodman, Carmel (2005) Physiological and metabolic responses of repeated-sprint activities: specific to field-based team sports. Sports Medicine, 35 (12). pp. 1025-1044. ISSN 0112-1642

Abstract

Field-based team sports, such as soccer, rugby and hockey are popular worldwide. There have been many studies that have investigated the physiology of these sports, especially soccer. However, some fitness components of these field-based team sports are poorly understood. In particular, repeated-sprint ability (RSA) is one area that has received relatively little research attention until recent times. Historically, it has been difficult to investigate the nature of RSA, because of the unpredictability of player movements performed during field-based team sports. However, with improvements in technology, time-motion analysis has allowed researchers to document the detailed movement patterns of team-sport athletes. Studies that have published time-motion analysis during competition, in general, have reported the mean distance and duration of sprints during field-based team sports to be between 10-20m and 2-3 seconds, respectively. Unfortunately, the vast majority of these studies have not reported the specific movement patterns of RSA, which is proposed as an important fitness component of team sports. Furthermore, there have been few studies that have investigated the physiological requirements of one-off, short-duration sprinting and repeated sprints (<10 seconds duration) that is specific to field-based team sports. This review examines the limited data concerning the metabolic changes occurring during this type of exercise, such as energy system contribution, adenosine triphosphate depletion and resynthesis, phosphocreatine degradation and resynthesis, glycolysis and glycogenolysis, and purine nucleotide loss. Assessment of RSA, as a training and research tool, is also discussed.

Additional Information

Online ISSN: 1179-2035

Item type Article
URI http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/8097
Identification Number https://doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200535120-00003
Official URL http://dx.doi.org/10.2165/00007256-200535120-00003
Subjects Current > FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL)
Keywords ResPubID22145. exercise, metabolism, sprints, RSA, repeated-sprint activity, field, team sports, time-motion analysis
Citations in Scopus 480 - View on Scopus
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