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Depressed Na+ -K+ -ATPase activity in skeletal muscle at fatigue is correlated with increased Na+ -K+ -ATPase mRNA expression following intense exercise

Petersen, Aaron C and Murphy, Kate Tamarind and Snow, Rodney J and Leppik, James A and Aughey, Robert J and Garnham, Andrew P and Cameron-Smith, David and McKenna, Michael J (2005) Depressed Na+ -K+ -ATPase activity in skeletal muscle at fatigue is correlated with increased Na+ -K+ -ATPase mRNA expression following intense exercise. American Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology, 289 (1 58-1). R266-R274. ISSN 0363-6119

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Abstract

We investigated whether depressed muscle Na+-K+-ATPase activity with exercise reflected a loss of Na+-K+-ATPase units, the time course of its recovery postexercise, and whether this depressed activity was related to increased Na+-K+-ATPase isoform gene expression. Fifteen subjects performed fatiguing, knee extensor exercise at ∼40% maximal work output per contraction. A vastus lateralis muscle biopsy was taken at rest, fatigue, 3 h, and 24 h postexercise and analyzed for maximal Na+-K+-ATPase activity via 3-O-methylfluorescein phosphatase (3-O-MFPase) activity, Na+-K+-ATPase content via [3H]ouabain binding sites, and Na+-K+-ATPase α1-, α2-, α3-, {beta}1-, {beta}2- and {beta}3-isoform mRNA expression by real-time RT-PCR. Exercise [352 (SD 267) s] did not affect [3H]ouabain binding sites but decreased 3-O-MFPase activity by 10.7 (SD 8)% (P < 0.05), which had recovered by 3 h postexercise, without further change at 24 h. Exercise elevated α1-isoform mRNA by 1.5-fold at fatigue (P < 0.05). This increase was inversely correlated with the percent change in 3-O-MFPase activity from rest to fatigue (%Δ3-O-MFPaserest-fatigue) (r = –0.60, P < 0.05). The average postexercise (fatigue, 3 h, 24 h) α1-isoform mRNA was increased 1.4-fold (P < 0.05) and approached a significant inverse correlation with %Δ3-O-MFPaserest-fatigue (r = –0.56, P = 0.08). Exercise elevated α2-isoform mRNA at fatigue 2.5-fold (P < 0.05), which was inversely correlated with %Δ3-O-MFPaserest-fatigue (r = –0.60, P = 0.05). The average postexercise α2-isoform mRNA was increased 2.2-fold (P < 0.05) and was inversely correlated with the %Δ3-O-MFPaserest-fatigue (r = –0.68, P < 0.05). Nonsignificant correlations were found between %Δ3-O-MFPaserest-fatigue and other isoforms. Thus acute exercise transiently decreased Na+-K+-ATPase activity, which was correlated with increased Na+-K+-ATPase gene expression. This suggests a possible signal-transduction role for depressed muscle Na+-K+-ATPase activity with exercise.

Item Type: Article
Additional Information:

Online ISSN: 1522-1490

Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID22161. Na+-K+ pump, Na+ -K+, signaling, muscle fatigue, ouabain binding, skeletal muscle, depressed muscle, exercise, fatigue, ATPases, DNA, RNA, genetics
Subjects: FOR Classification > 1101 Medical Biochemistry and Metabolomics
FOR Classification > 1103 Clinical Sciences
FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Social Sciences and Psychology
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 11 Jan 2012 23:35
Last Modified: 18 Mar 2015 05:44
URI: http://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/8110
DOI: 10.​1152/​ajpregu.​00378.​2004
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Citations in Scopus: 23 - View on Scopus

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