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Knockdown of the co-chaperone Hop promotes extranuclear accumulation of Stat3 in mouse embryonic stem cells

Longshaw, Victoria M, Baxter, Melissa, Prewitz, Marina and Blatch, Gregory L (2009) Knockdown of the co-chaperone Hop promotes extranuclear accumulation of Stat3 in mouse embryonic stem cells. European Journal of Cell Biology, 88 (3). pp. 153-166. ISSN 0171-9335 (print) 1618-1298 (online)

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A key event in the mechanism of mouse embryonic stem cell (mESC) pluripotency is phosphorylation, dimerisation and translocation to the nucleus of the signal transducer and activator of transcription3, Stat3. We used RNAi to suppress the levels of the co-chaperone Hsp70/Hsp90 organising protein (Hop) in an mESC line. Hop knockdown caused 68% depletion in Stat3 mRNA levels, decreased soluble pYStat3 levels, and led to an extranuclear accumulation of Stat3. The major binding partner of Hop, Hsp90, co-localised with a small non-nuclear fraction of Stat3 in mESCs, and both Stat3 and Hop co-precipitated with Hsp90. Hop knockdown did not affect Nanog and Oct4 protein levels; however, Nanog mRNA levels were decreased. We found that in the absence of Hop, mESCs lost their pluripotent ability to form embryoid bodies with a basement membrane. These data suggest that Hop facilitates the phosphorylation and nuclear translocation of Stat3, implying a role for the Hsp70/Hsp90 chaperone heterocomplex machinery in pluripotency signalling.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID22197. mESC, RNAi, heat shock proteins, molecular chaperone, Hsp90, phosphorylation, mice
Subjects: Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Biomedical and Health Sciences
Current > FOR Classification > 0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 15 Jun 2012 05:04
Last Modified: 15 Jun 2012 05:04
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Citations in Scopus: 29 - View on Scopus

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