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Identification and characterization of a human mitochondrial homologue of the bacterial co-chaperone GrpE

Choglay, Ashraf, Chapple, J. Paul, Blatch, Gregory L and Cheetham, Michael E (2001) Identification and characterization of a human mitochondrial homologue of the bacterial co-chaperone GrpE. Gene, 267 (1). pp. 125-134. ISSN 0378-1119

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We have identified a novel human cDNA with a predicted protein sequence that has 28% amino acid identity with the E. coli Hsp70 cochaperone GrpE and designated it HMGE. Even with this low level of amino acid identity the human sequence could be efficiently modelled on the X-ray structure of the E. coli protein, suggesting that there may be significant functional conservation. Indeed, HMGE expressed in E. coli as a GST fusion protein co-purified with the E. coli Hsp70 protein DnaK in the absence of ATP. DnaK could be released from the GSTHMGE with a Mg-ATP wash. Subcellular fractionation and immunocytochemistry studies using antisera raized against HMGE show that it is a mitochondrial protein. In contrast to studies of rat GrpE, however, HMGE also appears to bind the constitutive cytosolic Hsp70, Hsc70, in addition to mitochondrial Hsp70, Mt-Hsp70. We have previously shown that Hsc70 nucleotide-exchange is rate limiting in the presence of the DnaJ-protein, HSJ1b. However, HMGE was found to inhibit the HSJ1b-enhanced Hsc70 ATPase activity and may mediate this inhibition by binding the DnaJ-protein, HSJ1b. This is the first description of a direct interaction between a DnaJ protein and GrpE-like protein. These studies suggest that the structure of GrpE has been conserved throughout evolution and that the conserved structure can interact with several forms of Hsp70, but that HMGE cannot form part of the reaction cycle for cytosolic Hsc70. q 2001 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID22230. chaperones, Hsp70, GrpE, DnaJ, mitochondria, human mitochondrial homologue, heat shock protein, proteins
Subjects: Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Biomedical and Health Sciences
Current > FOR Classification > 0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2011 03:04
Last Modified: 29 Jan 2015 01:40
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Citations in Scopus: 16 - View on Scopus

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