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The difference in kinematics of horses walking, trotting and cantering on a flat and banked 10m circle

Hobbs, Sarah, Licka, Theresia and Polman, Remco (2011) The difference in kinematics of horses walking, trotting and cantering on a flat and banked 10m circle. Equine Veterinary Journal, 43 (6). pp. 686-694. ISSN 0425-1644 (print) 2042-3306 (online)

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Reasons for performing study: Locomotion adaptation mechanisms have been observed in horses, but little information is available in relation to banked and nonbanked curve locomotion, which might be important to optimise training environments. Objectives: To determine if adaptation mechanisms in horses existed when moving on a banked compared to a flat curve and whether adaptation was similar in different gaits. Methods: Eight infrared cameras were positioned on the outside of a 10 m lungeing circle and calibrated. Retroreflective markers were used to define left and right metacarpus (McIII) and proximal phalanges (P1), metatarsus (MtIII), head and sacrum. Data were recorded at 308 Hz from 6 horses lunged at walk, trot and canter on a flat and 10° banked circle in a crossover design. Measurements extracted were speed, stride length, McIII inclination, MtIII inclination, relative body inclination and duty factor. Data were smoothed with a fourth order Butterworth filter with 30 Hz cut-off. ANOVA was used to determine differences between conditions and limbs. Results: Adaptation mechanisms were influenced by gait. At canter inside forelimb duty factor was significantly longer (P<0.05) on a flat curve compared to a banked curve; at walk this was reversed. McIII inclination, MtIII inclination and relative body inclination were significantly greater (P<0.05) at trot and canter on a flat curve, so more inward tilt was found relative to the bearing surface. Conclusion: Adaptation to curved motion is gait specific. At faster gaits it appears that horses negotiate a banked curve

Item Type: Article
Uncontrolled Keywords: ResPubID23826, horse, circle, locomotion, centripetal force, kinematics, limb inclination, curve
Subjects: Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL)
Current > FOR Classification > 0707 Veterinary Sciences
Historical > SEO Classification > 970107 Expanding Knowledge in the Agricultural and Veterinary Sciences
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Depositing User: VUIR
Date Deposited: 24 Aug 2012 05:01
Last Modified: 25 May 2020 07:26
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Citations in Scopus: 34 - View on Scopus

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