Simulating impacts of EFR consideration on reservoir operation policy and irrigation management in the Hari Rod River basin, Afghanistan

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Adhikary, Sajal Kumar, Das, S. K, Atef, S. S, DasGupta, A and Babel, MS (2011) Simulating impacts of EFR consideration on reservoir operation policy and irrigation management in the Hari Rod River basin, Afghanistan. In: MODSIM2011 : 19th International Congress on Modelling and Simulation - Sustaining Our Future: Understanding and Living with Uncertainty. Chan, F, Marinova, Dora and Anderssen, RS, eds. Modelling and Simulation Society of Australia and New Zealand, Canberra, pp. 4085-4091.


The concept of the river environmental flow requirement (EFR) is emerged from the necessity of establishing a certain water level in the river to which the flow regime of the river can be altered from natural condition while preserving sustainability of the riverine ecosystem (Song et al., 2007; Tharme, 2003). There exists an unbalanced ecological environment in the Hari Rod River basin in Afghanistan, where the natural flora and fauna have been affected due to the years of civil war, severe drought, and growing pressure on the available water resources by different sectors. Sustainable utilization and effective allocation of the water resource while preserving integrity in the riverine ecosystem require understanding of the river flow systems in all river basins of Afghanistan. Thus, the present study attempts to quantify EFR required for healthy ecosystem, and potential impacts on the reservoir (proposed Salma dam reservoir) operation policy as well as irrigation management due to EFR allocation in the Hari Rod River basin of Afghanistan.

Additional Information

Conference title: 'Sustaining our future: understanding and living with uncertain' held on 12-16 December 2011, Perth

Item type Book Section
Official URL
ISBN 9780987214317
Subjects Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Engineering and Science
Historical > FOR Classification > 0905 Civil Engineering
Keywords ResPubID24860, environmental impact analysis, environmental monitoring, reservoirs, dams, dam management, HEC-ResSim and CROPWAT, irrigation efficiency, water flow measurement, river basins, water supply, hydrology, water shortages, estuarine ecology, reservoir operations, discharges, Salma dam reservoir, Hari Rod River basin, Afghanistan
Citations in Scopus 3 - View on Scopus
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