Uniformity of laws: a reality of just a myth?

Zeller, Bruno (2008) Uniformity of laws: a reality of just a myth? International Journal of Private Law, 1 (3). pp. 3-14. ISSN 1753-6235


This paper attempts to show that the greatest impediment to a reduction in the transaction cost consists of two factors. First, the problem of the choice of laws makes contracting a hazardous enterprise for those who have an information disadvantage. Second, the reluctance of the legal profession to embrace and familiarise themselves with uniform international laws does not enhance a client’s expectation to be able to access the ‘best’ law. It is argued that the inclusion of international uniform laws such as the United Nations Convention on Contracts for the International Sale of Goods (CISG, 1980) will reduce the transactions costs either at trial or when a problem rises as both parties operate in essence under the same law and, hence, a negotiated settlement is more likely. The paper specifically addresses the problem which can emerge when a contract is silent as to which law will govern the legal relationship. Close attention is given to a possibility of overcoming choice of laws problems by applying the CISG, instead of explicitly excluding the CISG. This paper also investigates the inclusions of soft laws into contracts and the ability of such an inclusion to reduce transaction costs. The conclusion is that the inclusion of uniform laws reduces uncertainty and is, furthermore, merely recognition of a development which is gathering speed.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/1404
DOI 10.1504/IJPL.2009.021509
Subjects Historical > RFCD Classification > 390000 Law, Justice and Law Enforcement
Historical > FOR Classification > 1801 Law
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Law
Keywords ResPubID15135, international sales contracts, problems of drafting contracts, choice of governing law, conflict of laws, uniform international laws, United Nations convention on contracts for the international sale of goods, CISG, UNIDROIT principles
Citations in Scopus 2 - View on Scopus
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