The investigation of fire hazards in buildings using stochastic modelling

Odigie, Daniel (2000) The investigation of fire hazards in buildings using stochastic modelling. PhD thesis, Victoria University of Technology.


This research investigates the spread of fire and smoke in buildings as well as occupant egress. There are existing deterministic models for these. While deterministic models provide averages of a process, stochastic models give the broad spectrum of all possible scenarios of the process giving the distribution function. The spread of smoke was first modelled by adding a noise component to the equation of an existing deterministic model. Later a deterministic model was developed and stochastic expressions derived using the Markov chain methodology. Though the Markov chain is a discrete process, it was used in approximating smoke spread which is a continuous process. The spread of fire was investigated using network analysis. Various methods of modelling the spread of a phenomenon in a network were compared.

Item type Thesis (PhD thesis)
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1204 Engineering Design
Historical > FOR Classification > 0401 Atmospheric Sciences
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Centre for Environmental Safety and Risk Engineering (CESARE)
Keywords Fire prevention, Fire investigation, Stochastic analysis, fire hazards, smoke, fire spread, deterministic model, network analysis
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