Identification of material and physical features of membrane distillation membranes for high performance desalination

Zhang, Jianhua, Dow, Noel, Duke, Mikel, Ostarcevic, Eddy, Jun-De, Li and Gray, Stephen R (2010) Identification of material and physical features of membrane distillation membranes for high performance desalination. Journal of Membrane Science, 349 (1-2). pp. 295-303. ISSN 0376-7388

Abstract

In this paper, the performances of various membranes were assessed in Direct Contact Membrane Distillation (DCMD) under different feed velocities and inlet temperatures. The membranes studied included a polyvinylidenefluoride (PVDF) microfiltration membrane with a non-woven support layer, a polytetrafluoroethylene (PTFE) microfiltration membrane with a non-woven support layer, and threeMDmembranes made from PTFE of different pore size and all with a structured scrim support layer. The results showed that distillation using PTFE membranes produced much higher flux than that of the PVDF microfiltration membrane at the same operational conditions, and the support layer affected not only the flux, but also the energy efficiency (0.51–0.24). The results also show that increasing the velocity of the feed and its inlet temperature increased the flux, but the rate of flux increase diminishes at high velocities. The mass transfer coefficient improved for thinner support and active layer membranes, leading to fluxes as high as 46 Lm−2 h−1 at 80 degrees C. The heat transfer characteristics were found to be superior for the open scrim backed membranes compared to the non-woven support membranes, resulting in significantly greater thermal efficiency for the scrim backed membranes.

Dimensions Badge

Altmetric Badge

Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/15855
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.memsci.2009.11.056
Official URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...
Subjects Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute for Sustainability and Innovation (ISI)
Keywords membrane distillation, water treatment, desalination, direct contact membrane distillation
Citations in Scopus 186 - View on Scopus
Download/View statistics View download statistics for this item

Search Google Scholar

Repository staff login