Argumentation structures that integrate dialectical and non-dialectical reasoning

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Stranieri, Andrew, Zeleznikow, John ORCID: 0000-0002-8786-2644 and Yearwood, John (2001) Argumentation structures that integrate dialectical and non-dialectical reasoning. The Knowledge Engineering Review, 16 (4). pp. 331-348. ISSN 0269-8889


Argumentation concepts have been applied to numerous knowledge engineering endeavours in recent years. For example, a variety of logics have been developed to represent argumentation in the context of a dialectical situation such as a dialogue. In contrast to the dialectical approach, argumentation has also been used to structure knowledge. This can be seen as a non-dialectical approach. The Toulmin argument structure has often been used to structure knowledge non-dialectically yet most studies that apply the Toulmin structure do not use the original structure but vary one or more components. Variations to the Toulmin structure can be understood as different ways to integrate a dialectical perspective with a non-dialectical one. Drawing the dialectical/non-dialectical distinction enables the specification of a framework called the generic actual argument model that is expressly non-dialectical. The framework enables the development of knowledge-based systems that integrate a variety of inference procedures, combine information retrieval with reasoning and facilitate automated document drafting. Furthermore, the non-dialectical framework provides the foundation for simple dialectical models. Systems based on our approach have been developed in family law, refugee law, determining eligibility for government legal aid, copyright law and e-tourism.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.1017/S0269888901000248
Subjects Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Management and Information Systems
Historical > FOR Classification > 0806 Information Systems
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Law
Keywords ResPubID12225, dialectical, non-dialectical, Toulmin structure, Toulmin argument
Citations in Scopus 29 - View on Scopus
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