Neurocognitive perspectives in language outcomes of Early Head Start: Language and cognitive stimulation and maternal depression

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Chapin, Laurie and Altenhofen, Shannon (2010) Neurocognitive perspectives in language outcomes of Early Head Start: Language and cognitive stimulation and maternal depression. Infant Mental Health Journal, 31 (5). pp. 486-498. ISSN 0163-9641

Abstract

A neurocognitive, developmental framework was used to examine the effectiveness of Early Head Start (EHS) programs. Evidence has shown that caregiver variables impact early brain development. The study aimed to better understand this relation. Results showed that the EHS program made no significant impact, and at 3 years old, children were significantly behind population norms in language development, partially replicating previous findings with children from poverty backgrounds. EHS and parental depression were significant predictors of language and cognitive stimulation; however, depression and stimulation, but not involvement in EHS, were significant predictors of vocabulary. Implications for EHS programs are discussed, such as addressing caregiver variables (e.g., depression) and increasing focus on services to expectant families. Future direction also are discussed, such as understanding how young children's stress, within the context of caregiver variables, is related to neurocognitive outcomes.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/17488
DOI https://doi.org/10.1002/imhj.20268
Official URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/imhj.20...
Subjects Historical > RFCD Classification > 220000 Social Sciences, Humanities and Arts-General
Historical > FOR Classification > 1701 Psychology
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Social Sciences and Psychology
Historical > SEO Classification > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Keywords ResPubID21951 & ResPubID22514. cognitive development, child development, early head start programs, EHS programs, neurocognitive development
Citations in Scopus 12 - View on Scopus
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