Pressure signature in adverse-pressure-gradient wall bounded turbulent flows

Han, Julie You-Hee (2000) Pressure signature in adverse-pressure-gradient wall bounded turbulent flows. Research Master thesis, Victoria University of Technology.


The general objective of this thesis is to contribute to the recognition of universal patterns in wall-bounded adverse pressure gradient turbulent flows. For this purpose, the experimental work has been carried out towards further understanding of this class of flows, especially when the pressure gradient is increasingly adverse. Adverse pressure gradient turbulent flows and subsequent flow separation from a plane or curved wall are encountered frequently in engineering applications in both internal and external flows. Common examples of such internal flows can be seen in diffuser flows in turbomachinery applications, in the flow passages of vehicles and appliances, and in the flow passages inside a confining structure during a fire. Some examples of adverse pressure gradient external flows are, the flow over an aerofoil, a fuselage or a passenger car. In both internal and external cases, separation causes momentum and energy losses, and due to the complexity of the resulting flow physics, flow prediction becomes difficult for design purposes or performance optimisation. In most cases, turbulent separation reduces performance efficiency. There is a definite lack of turbulence data in the literature for adverse pressure gradient flows with and without separation. Hence, thorough experimental investigation is valuable in developing a fundamental understanding of such complex turbulent flows leading to practical turbulence modelling.

Additional Information

Master of Engineering

Item type Thesis (Research Master thesis)
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1204 Engineering Design
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Engineering and Science
Keywords fluid dynamics, wind tunnel, turbulence, wall pressure, adverse pressure gradient, aerodynamics
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