Axial load capacity of circular steel tube columns filled with high strength concrete

Clark, W. S (1994) Axial load capacity of circular steel tube columns filled with high strength concrete. Research Master thesis, Victoria University of Technology.


This study examines the axial load capacity of circular Concrete Filled Steel Tube columns using High Strength Concrete (CFST-HSC). Emphasis is drawn to the enhanced axial capacity of short columns attributed to the lateral confinement of the concrete infill provided by the steel encasement. The degree of confinement has been found to be dependent on several geometric and mechanical parameters. At present, significant discrepancies exist with respect to quantifying the effective strength confined concrete. Existing design models and codes are predominantly derived from the characteristics of normal strength concrete and therefore may be inappropriate concrete filled steel columns utilising High Strength Concrete (HSC). An extensive experimental program was initiated to examine the axial capacity of CFST-HSC columns. The results of 62 concentrically loaded scale model columns filled with High Strength Concrete (46-100 MPa) are presented. The principal experimental parameters were concrete and steel strengths, tube diameter to wall thickness ratio, column slenderness ratio. The columns tested were classified as short thin walled sections and were tested as isolated column elements under short term loading. The results are compared with the predictions of several existing design procedures and recommendations are proposed.

Additional Information

Master of Engineering

Item type Thesis (Research Master thesis)
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 0905 Civil Engineering
Historical > FOR Classification > 1204 Engineering Design
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Engineering and Science
Keywords structural engineering, columns, high strength concrete, axial loads, dynamic testing, structural dynamics
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