Factors required to enhance water recycling at two major Australian industrial manufacturing sites

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Agana, Bernard (2013) Factors required to enhance water recycling at two major Australian industrial manufacturing sites. PhD thesis, Victoria University.


This study presents the application of an integrated water management strategy at two large Australian manufacturing companies that are contrasting in terms of their respective products and wastewater generation. The integrated strategy, consisting of water audit, pinch analysis and membrane process application, was deployed in series to systematically identify water conservation opportunities. Initially, a water audit was deployed to completely characterize all water streams found at each production site. This led to the development of a water balance diagram which, together with water test results, served as a basis for subsequent enquiry. After the water audit, commercially available water pinch software was utilized to identify possible water reuse opportunities, some of which were subsequently implemented on site. Finally, utilizing a laboratory-scale test rig, membrane processes such as UF, NF and RO were evaluated for their suitability to treat the various wastewater streams

Additional Information

Accompanying appendices and journal publications are found on a CD-ROM which is part of the Victoria University Library's theses collection.

Item type Thesis (PhD thesis)
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/22349
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 0904 Chemical Engineering
Current > Division/Research > College of Science and Engineering
Keywords membranes, water purification, automobile manufacturers, beverage companies, company, industry, ceramic electro-ultrafiltration, post-electrodeposition rinse wastewater, industrial water, Australia, production of drinks, western Melbourne
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