Effect of 10 Week Beta-Alanine Supplementation on Competition and Training Performance in Elite Swimmers

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Chung, Weiliang, Shaw, Greg, Anderson, Megan E, Pyne, David B, Saunders, Philo U, Bishop, David and Burke, Louise (2012) Effect of 10 Week Beta-Alanine Supplementation on Competition and Training Performance in Elite Swimmers. Nutrients, 4 (10). pp. 1441-1453. ISSN 2072-6643 (online)

Abstract

Although some laboratory-based studies show an ergogenic effect with beta-alanine supplementation, there is a lack of field-based research in training and competition settings. Elite/Sub-elite swimmers (n = 23 males and 18 females, age = 21.7 ± 2.8 years; mean ± SD) were supplemented with either beta-alanine (4 weeks loading phase of 4.8 g/day and 3.2 g/day thereafter) or placebo for 10 weeks. Competition performance times were log-transformed, then evaluated before (National Championships) and after (international or national selection meet) supplementation. Swimmers also completed three standardized training sets at baseline, 4 and 10 weeks of supplementation. Capillary blood was analyzed for pH, bicarbonate and lactate concentration in both competition and training. There was an unclear effect (0.4%; ±0.8%, mean, ±90% confidence limits) of beta-alanine on competition performance compared to placebo with no meaningful changes in blood chemistry. While there was a transient improvement on training performance after 4 weeks with beta-alanine (−1.3%; ±1.0%), there was an unclear effect at ten weeks (−0.2%; ±1.5%) and no meaningful changes in blood chemistry. Beta-alanine supplementation appears to have minimal effect on swimming performance in non-laboratory controlled real-world training and competition settings.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/23296
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/nu4101441
Official URL http://www.mdpi.com/2072-6643/4/10/1441
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Historical > FOR Classification > 1111 Nutrition and Dietetics
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL)
Keywords ResPubID25664, carnosine, physiology, ergogenic aid, swimming, exercise, athlete
Citations in Scopus 31 - View on Scopus
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