Intramyocellular lipid variations in active older men: relationship with aerobic fitness

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Rouffet, David, Villars, C, Fissoune, R, Sappey-Marinier, D, Laville, M, Ibarrola, D, Sothier, M, Monnet, M. F, Ovize, M, Bonnefoy, M, Boesch, C and Canet-Soulas, E (2012) Intramyocellular lipid variations in active older men: relationship with aerobic fitness. Acta Physiologica, 207 (3). pp. 516-523. ISSN 1748-1708 (print) 1748-1716 (online)


Aims Intramyocellular lipid (IMCL) variations in older men are poorly explored. In young adults, IMCL can be influenced by both diet and exercise interventions; this flexibility is related to aerobic fitness. We evaluated in active older adults the influence of maximal aerobic capacity on short-term diet and exercise-induced variations in IMCL stores. Methods Intramyocellular lipids were measured by 1H magnetic resonance spectroscopy (1H-MRS) after a 3-day fat depletion-replenishment diet (IMCLFDR) and immediately after a 2-h exercise at 50% VO2 max (IMCLFDR_EX). To further explore diet influence, the protocol was repeated after a high-fat diet (HF), with both pre- and post-exercise measurements (IMCLHF and IMCLHF_EX). Results In active older men (69.8 ± 5.2 years), IMCLFDR was lowered by exercise (IMCLFDR = 3.45 ± 1.52 vs. IMCLFDR_EX = 2.74 ± 1.15 mmol kg−1 wet weight, P < 0.05), and exercise-induced variations were correlated to the initial store (P < 0.05, r = −0.72). IMCLFDR was linked with aerobic fitness (P < 0.05, r = 0.76), when adjusted by fat mass. IMCLHF was lower than IMCLFDR (P < 0.05), decreased after exercise (P < 0.05) and varied also as a function of initial store (P < 0.05, r = −0.89), but without link with aerobic fitness. Finally, diet-induced IMCL store variations were positively linked to aerobic fitness (P < 0.05, r = 0.89). Conclusion Variations of the IMCL stores in physically active older adults appear related to aerobic fitness, with similarly fast adaptation to short-term interventions combining diet and exercise as young active adults.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.1111/apha.12045
Official URL
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Current > Division/Research > College of Sports and Exercise Science
Keywords ResPubID25579, exercise, lipids, magnetic resonance
Citations in Scopus 8 - View on Scopus
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