The effects of warm-up on intermittent sprint performance in a hot and humid environment

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Yaicharoen, Pongson, Wallman, Karen, Morton, Alan, Bishop, David ORCID: 0000-0002-6956-9188 and Grove, Robert J (2012) The effects of warm-up on intermittent sprint performance in a hot and humid environment. Journal of Sports Sciences, 30 (10). pp. 967-974. ISSN 0264-0414 (print) 1466-447X (online)


It is unknown whether a passive warm-up or an active warm-up performed at an intensity based on lactate thresholds could improve prolonged intermittent-sprint performance either in thermoneutral or hot environmental conditions. To investigate this issue, 11 male athletes performed three trials that consisted of 80 min of intermittent-sprinting performed on a cycle ergometer, preceded by either an active or a passive warm-up. Active warm-up and intermittent-sprint performance were performed in both hot and thermoneutral environmental conditions, while passive warm-up and intermittent-sprint performance were performed in hot conditions only. First sprint performance was also assessed. Results showed no significant interaction effects between any of the trials for total work (J · kg–1), work decrement, and power decrement (P = 0.10, P = 0.42, P = 0.10, respectively). While there were no significant differences between trials for work done for first sprint performance (P = 0.22), peak power was significantly higher after passive warm-up compared with active warm-up performed in either thermoneutral (P = 0.03) or in hot conditions (P = 0.02). Results suggest that the main benefits of warm-up for first sprint performance are derived from temperature-related effects. Active warm-up did not impair prolonged intermittent-sprint performance in the heat compared with thermoneutral conditions.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.1080/02640414.2012.685088
Official URL
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Current > Division/Research > College of Sports and Exercise Science
Keywords ResPubID25459, active warm-up, passive warm-up, pacing strategy
Citations in Scopus 10 - View on Scopus
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