Gold nanoparticle-based fluorescence immunoassay for malaria antigen detection

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Guirgis, Bassem S. S, Cunha, Claudia Sá e, Gomes, Inês, Cavadas, Miguel, Silva, Isabel, Doria, Gonçalo, Blatch, Gregory ORCID: 0000-0003-0778-8577, Baptista, Pedro V, Pereira, Eulália, Azzazy, Hassan M. E, Mota, Maria M, Prudêncio, Miguel and Franco, Ricardo (2012) Gold nanoparticle-based fluorescence immunoassay for malaria antigen detection. Analytical and Bioanalytical Chemistry, 402 (3). pp. 1019-1027. ISSN 1618-2642 (print) 1618-2650 (online)


The development of rapid detection assays for malaria diagnostics is an area of intensive research, as the traditional microscopic analysis of blood smears is cumbersome and requires skilled personnel. Here, we describe a simple and sensitive immunoassay that successfully detects malaria antigens in infected blood cultures. This homogeneous assay is based on the fluorescence quenching of cyanine 3B (Cy3B)-labeled recombinant Plasmodium falciparum heat shock protein 70 (PfHsp70) upon binding to gold nanoparticles (AuNPs) functionalized with an anti-Hsp70 monoclonal antibody. Upon competition with the free antigen, the Cy3B-labeled recombinant PfHsp70 is released to solution resulting in an increase of fluorescence intensity. Two types of AuNP-antibody conjugates were used as probes, one obtained by electrostatic adsorption of the antibody on AuNPs surface and the other by covalent bonding using protein cross-linking agents. In comparison with cross-linked antibodies, electrostatic adsorption of the antibodies to the AuNPs surfaces generated conjugates with increased activity and linearity of response, within a range of antigen concentration from 8.2 to 23.8 μg.mL−1. The estimated LOD for the assay is 2.4 μg.mL−1 and the LOQ is 7.3 μg.mL−1. The fluorescence immunoassay was successfully applied to the detection of antigen in malaria-infected human blood cultures at a 3% parasitemia level, and is assumed to detect parasite densities as low as 1,000 parasites.μL−1.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.1007/s00216-011-5489-y
Official URL
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 0601 Biochemistry and Cell Biology
Historical > FOR Classification > 0605 Microbiology
Current > Division/Research > College of Health and Biomedicine
Keywords ResPubID25399, malaria diagnosis, gold nanoparticles, nanodiagnosis, heat shock proteins, fluorescence, detection, immunoassay, plasmodium
Citations in Scopus 55 - View on Scopus
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