The effects of relaxing music for anxiety control on competitive sport anxiety

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Elliott, Dave, Polman, Remco and Taylor, Julie (2014) The effects of relaxing music for anxiety control on competitive sport anxiety. European Journal of Sport Science, 14 (Supp.1). S296-S301. ISSN 1746-1391 (print) 1536-7290 (online)


This investigation examined the effects of relaxing music for anxiety control on measures of competitive state anxiety and the performance of a simple motor skill. Seventy-two undergraduate students volunteered to participate in the study. Participants were informed that they would be required to partake in a sport competition, possibly with an audience present, and possibly whilst being filmed. Participants were randomly allocated to one of three intervention conditions, listening to relaxing music for anxiety control, listening to non-relaxing music or a no music control. During the 10-minute intervention period, measures of anxiety (CSAI-2R, subjective relaxation and HR) were taken on three occasions (baseline, pre-intervention and post-intervention). Repeated measures MANOVA showed that all three interventions provoked significant reductions in competitive state anxiety. Condition had no impact upon any of the DVs. These results suggest that listening to relaxing music for anxiety control was no more effective at reducing competitive state anxiety than non-relaxing music or a period of silence. ES, mean difference and 90% CI data did however provide some support for the application of relaxing music for anxiety control. There were no between-condition differences in motor task performance.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.1080/17461391.2012.693952
Official URL
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1701 Psychology
Historical > SEO Classification > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Current > Division/Research > College of Sports and Exercise Science
Keywords ResPubID26514, music, relaxation, competitive state anxiety, motor task performance, sports
Citations in Scopus 23 - View on Scopus
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