Cognitive Appraisals in Sport: The Direct and Moderating Role of Mental Toughness

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Levy, Andrew R, Nicholls, Adam R and Polman, Remco (2012) Cognitive Appraisals in Sport: The Direct and Moderating Role of Mental Toughness. International Journal of Applied Psychology, 2 (4). pp. 71-76. ISSN 2168-5010 (print) 2168-5029 (online)

Abstract

The aims of this study were to investigate the relationship between mental toughness and cognitive appraisals, in addition to exploring the moderating influence of mental toughness upon cognitive appraisals. A total of 296 athletic participants (male n = 200; female n = 96) aged between 16 and 51 years (M age = 21.92 years, SD = 4.61) took part in this study. Moderated multiple regression analysis revealed mental toughness had a significant negative relationship with threat appraisal and a significant positive relationship with challenge. Additionally, mental toughness had a moderating influence upon the centrality-threat appraisal relationship. Overall, these findings imply interventions aimed at threat appraisal manipulation could be targeted at lower mentally tough athletes.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/23638
DOI https://doi.org/10.5923/j.ijap.20120204.05
Official URL http://article.sapub.org/10.5923.j.ijap.20120204.0...
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1701 Psychology
Historical > SEO Classification > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Current > Division/Research > College of Sports and Exercise Science
Keywords ResPubID26515, mental toughness, appraisal, athletic
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