Biomechanical characteristics of slipping during unconstrained walking, turning, gait initiation and termination

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Nagano, Hanatsu, Sparrow, William A and Begg, Rezaul ORCID: 0000-0002-3195-8591 (2013) Biomechanical characteristics of slipping during unconstrained walking, turning, gait initiation and termination. Ergonomics , 56 (6). pp. 1038-1048. ISSN 0014-0139 (print) 1366-5847 (online)

Abstract

Slipping biomechanics was investigated on both non-contaminated and oil-contaminated surfaces during unconstrained straight-line walking (‘walking’), turning, gait initiation and termination. In walking, backward slipping was more frequent, whereas forward slipping was more frequent when turning. Stopping and gait initiation engendered only forward and backward slipping, respectively. Based on slip distance and sliding velocity, severity of forward slipping was least in walking than for the other gait tasks, whereas the tasks had similar effects on backward slipping. Relative to the dry surface, heel and foot contact angles reduced and heel contact (HC) velocity increased for all gait tasks on the contaminated surface. Ground reaction forces were generally lower on the contaminated surface, suggesting kinetic adaptation immediately following HC. Required coefficient of friction (RCoF) did not correlate with slip distance suggesting that RCoF may not be a useful kinetic parameter for assessing slipping risk on contaminated surfaces.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/24167
DOI https://doi.org/10.1080/00140139.2013.787122
Official URL http://www.tandfonline.com/doi/abs/10.1080/0014013...
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Centre for Ageing, Rehabilitation, Exercise & Sport Science (CARES)
Keywords slip biomechanics, gait initiation and termination, turning, ground reaction force, oil contaminant
Citations in Scopus 20 - View on Scopus
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