Compliance with regulations by "swim-with-dolphins" operations in Port Phillip Bay, Victoria, Australia

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Scarpaci, Carol, Corkeron, Peter J and Nugegoda, Dayanthi (2003) Compliance with regulations by "swim-with-dolphins" operations in Port Phillip Bay, Victoria, Australia. Environmental Management, 31 (3). pp. 342-347.


Managing the activities of commercial wildlife viewing tends to involve either restricting the number of industry participants and/or regulating the activities or industry participants. We report on operator compliance with regulations regarding humans swimming with free-ranging bottlenose dolphins Tursiops sp.) in Port Phillip Bay, Victoria, Australia. A total of 128 commercial dolphin-swim trips was studied between September 1998 and April 2000. Four permit conditions were investigated: approach type, swim time, time in proximity of dolphins, and presence of “fetal fold” calves. Results demonstrate noncompliance by operators to all of the four permit conditions studied. Compliance with temporal conditions was poorer than with other conditions. When conducting studies on the extent to which tourism affects cetaceans, investigators should consider whether tourist operations comply with existing regulations or guidelines.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.1007/s00267-002-2799-z
Official URL
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 0502 Environmental Science and Management
Historical > FOR Classification > 1506 Tourism
Current > Division/Research > College of Science and Engineering
Keywords ecotourism, environmental management, monitoring, tourists, tourist operators, Port Phillip Bay, Victoria, 1998, 1999, 2000
Citations in Scopus 86 - View on Scopus
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