Local Responses to Water Resource Degradation in India: Groundwater Farmer Innovations and the Reversal of Knowledge Flows

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Buechler, Stephanie and Mekala, Gayathri Devi (2005) Local Responses to Water Resource Degradation in India: Groundwater Farmer Innovations and the Reversal of Knowledge Flows. The Journal of Environment and Development, 14 (4). pp. 410-438. ISSN 1070-4965 (print) 1552-5465 (online)

Abstract

Water is becoming degraded at an increasingly rapid rate, demanding complex, dynamic strategies tailored to local contexts. This study focused on innovative strategies by farmers to reduce risk and increase incomes. The surface and groundwater they used for irrigation was becoming degraded because of inflows of largely untreated urban domestic sewage water and industrial effluent into the Musi River that runs through Hyderabad city, south India. Wastewater flowing into the river is channeled for irrigation in this drought-prone, semi-arid area with falling groundwater tables. Wastewater volumes have increased as more water is supplied to Hyderabad. Paddy farmers engaged in continuous innovation in agricultural and water management strategies in response to deteriorating irrigation water quality yet improved water availability. Findings point to the need for greater recognition and dissemination of local innovations and a reversal of knowledge flows entailing improved linkages between local populations, researchers, managers, development workers, and policy makers.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/24507
DOI https://doi.org/10.1177/1070496505281840
Official URL http://jed.sagepub.com/content/14/4/410.short
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 0502 Environmental Science and Management
Historical > FOR Classification > 1402 Applied Economics
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > College of Business
Keywords water pollution, water management, irrigation, wastewater groundwater, small farmers, local innovation, rice, fodder grass, declining yields, Hyderabad India
Citations in Scopus 31 - View on Scopus
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