Analysing convergence with a multi-country computable general equilibrium model: PPP Versus MER

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Dixon, Peter and Rimmer, Maureen T (2005) Analysing convergence with a multi-country computable general equilibrium model: PPP Versus MER. Energy and Environment, 16 (6). pp. 901-921. ISSN 0958-305X


In studies of the greenhouse gas implications of convergence by developing countries to the per-capita GNPs of developed countries, considerable discussion has centred on whether purchasing power parity (PPP) or market exchange rates (MER) should be used in measuring per-capita GNPs. We suggest that technology gaps between developing and developed countries should be the starting point for convergence analysis rather than per-capita GNP gaps. We estimate two sets of initial technology gaps, using PPP and MER price assumptions combined with input-output data. In simulating the effects of closing technology gaps (convergence) using a dynamic, multi-country CGE model, we find:(1) the MER/PPP distinction matters. MER-based estimates of initial technology gaps lead to higher estimates of convergence-induced growth in greenhouse-gas-emitting industries in developing countries than do PPP-based estimates.(2) the industry detail in CGE models is valuable. Our simulations show a wide range of convergence-induced changes in output across industries.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.1260/095830505775221524
Official URL
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1402 Applied Economics
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > College of Business
Current > Division/Research > Centre of Policy Studies (CoPS)
Keywords convergence, greenhouse gas emissions, technology, purchasing power parity, market exchange rates, dynamic general equilibrium modelling
Citations in Scopus 6 - View on Scopus
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