Longitudinal kinematic and kinetic adaptations to obstacle crossing in recent lower limb amputees

Full text for this resource is not available from the Research Repository.

Barnett, Cleveland T, Polman, Remco and Vanicek, Natalie (2013) Longitudinal kinematic and kinetic adaptations to obstacle crossing in recent lower limb amputees. Prosthetics and Orthotics International. ISSN 0309-3646 (print) 1746-1553 (online)


Background: Obstacle crossing is an important activity of daily living, necessary to avoid tripping or falling, although it is not fully understood how transtibial amputees adapt to performing this activity of daily living following discharge from rehabilitation. Objectives: The objective of this study was to investigate the longitudinal adaptations in obstacle crossing in transtibial amputees post-discharge from rehabilitation. Study design: Longitudinal repeated measures. Methods: Seven unilateral transtibial amputees crossed an obstacle 0.1m high positioned along a walkway while kinematic and kinetic data were recorded at 1, 3 and 6 months post-discharge. Results: At 6 months post-discharge, walking velocity had increased (0.17 m.s−1) with most participants self-selecting an intact lead limb preference. During swing phase, peak knee flexion (p = 0.03) and peak knee power absorption (K4; p = 0.01) were greater with an intact versus affected lead limb preference. Having crossed the obstacle, intact limb peak ankle power generation in pre-swing (A2; p = 0.01) and knee power absorption (K3; p = 0.05) during stance phase were greater when compared to the affected limb. Conclusions: Obstacle crossing improved, although a greater reliance on intact limb function was highlighted. Results suggested that further improvements to locomotor performance may be obtained by increasing affected limb knee range of motion and concentric and eccentric strength of the knee extensors and flexors. Clinical relevance The novel objective data from this study establish an understanding of how recent transtibial amputees adapt to performing obstacle crossing following discharge from rehabilitation. This allows for evidence-based clinical interventions to be developed, aimed at optimising biomechanical function, thus improving overall locomotor performance and perhaps subsequent quality of life.

Dimensions Badge

Altmetric Badge

Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/24757
DOI 10.1177/0309364613506249
Official URL http://poi.sagepub.com/content/early/2013/10/22/03...
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1103 Clinical Sciences
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute of Sport, Exercise and Active Living (ISEAL)
Keywords obstacle crossing, adaptation transtibial, amputee, rehabilitation
Citations in Scopus 7 - View on Scopus
Download/View statistics View download statistics for this item

Search Google Scholar

Repository staff login