Research Competitive Anxiety in Lifesavers and Swimmers

Full text for this resource is not available from the Research Repository.

Avramidou, Eleftheria, Avramidis, Stathis and Polman, Remco (2007) Research Competitive Anxiety in Lifesavers and Swimmers. International Journal of Aquatic Research and Education, 1 (2). ISSN 1932-9997 (print) 1932-9253 (online)


This study examined state and trait anxiety in competitive lifesavers and swimmers. The participants completed the SAS and the CSAI-2d before a training session and the CSAI-2d again before a competition. The competitive lifesavers were found to have lower levels of cognitive and somatic anxiety than competitive swimmers. Both groups were found to have lower levels of self-confidence but higher levels of somatic anxiety before a competition than before regular training sessions. Lifesavers found their levels of somatic anxiety to be more facilitative than the swimmers did. Both groups perceived that higher levels of self-confidence were more facilitative before competition than before training. Differences in the relationship between state and trait anxiety for swimmers and lifesavers were observed. The generally lower levels of cognitive and somatic state anxiety in lifesavers and their interpretation of somatic anxiety during competition would benefit their performance and decision making.

Item type Article
Official URL
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Historical > FOR Classification > 1701 Psychology
Current > Division/Research > College of Sports and Exercise Science
Keywords anxiety, lifesavers, swimmers, self-confidence
Download/View statistics View download statistics for this item

Search Google Scholar

Repository staff login