Effect of heat treatment on pervaporation separation of aqueous salt solution using hybrid PVA/MA/TEOS membrane

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Xie, Zongli, Hoang, Manh, Ng, Derrick, Doherty, Cara M, Hill, Anita and Gray, Stephen R (2014) Effect of heat treatment on pervaporation separation of aqueous salt solution using hybrid PVA/MA/TEOS membrane. Separation and Purification Technology, 127. pp. 10-17. ISSN 1383-5866

Abstract

Heat treatment is believed to be an important step in controlling the morphology and properties of polymer based membranes. In this study, hybrid organic–inorganic membrane based on poly(vinyl alcohol) (PVA), maleic acid (MA) and tetraethyl orthosilicate (TEOS) was synthesised via a sol–gel route. The effects of heating temperature and heating time on pervaporation separation performance of aqueous salt solution were studied in relation to swelling and hydrophilic properties, the free volume, salt transport properties, and water diffusivity of the membrane. The free volume of the hybrid membrane under different heat treatment conditions were well correlated with the pervaporation testing results. With increasing heating temperature or time, the fractional free volume of the hybrid membrane was reduced due to a more compact structure by crosslinking among PVA, MA and TEOS. As a result, the water flux decreased and the salt rejection increased. The salt transport properties followed a similar trend as the water uptake, indicating the hydrated NaCl was solvated by water in the membrane phase.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/24792
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.seppur.2014.02.025
Official URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...
Subjects Current > FOR Classification > 0904 Chemical Engineering
Current > Division/Research > College of Science and Engineering
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute for Sustainability and Innovation (ISI)
Keywords heat treatment, pervaporation, hybrid organic–inorganic membrane, PVA/MA/silica, desalination
Citations in Scopus 39 - View on Scopus
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