Soccer Fan Violence: A Holistic Approach: a reply to Braun and Vliegenthart

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Spaaij, Ramon ORCID: 0000-0002-1260-3111 and Anderson, Alastair (2010) Soccer Fan Violence: A Holistic Approach: a reply to Braun and Vliegenthart. International Sociology, 25 (4). pp. 561-579. ISSN 0268-5809 (print) 1461-7242 (online)


Building on Braun and Vliegenthart’s recent study of soccer hooliganism, this article develops an explanatory model of soccer fan violence and collective violence more generally. The fabric of soccer fan violence becomes a richer tapestry if the diversity of the phenomenon is recognized and the focus is moved towards a more holistic approach to explaining crowd behaviour and collective conflict. The proposed approach incorporates macro-level influences and mediating and moderating influences as they affect fan violence. The model recognizes the critical importance of the collective mind and dispositions which can be investigated and understood through the lens of social identification and habitus. The model proposed in the article provides a solid foundation for testing its merits.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.1177/0268580909351328
Official URL
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Historical > FOR Classification > 1608 Sociology
Current > Division/Research > College of Sports and Exercise Science
Keywords collective violence, habitus, hooliganism, mediating and moderating influences, social identification
Citations in Scopus 14 - View on Scopus
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