The Football Laboratory: Policing Football Supporters in the Netherlands

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Spaaij, Ramon (2012) The Football Laboratory: Policing Football Supporters in the Netherlands. In: Risk Management and Sport Events. Mastrogiannakis, Diamantis and Dorville, Christian, eds. Le Manuscrit, Paris, pp. 49-89.


An advanced security assemblage is now at the permanent disposal of authorities in their quest to pre-empt and manage risk at football matches. This chapter proposes the ‘football stadia-as-laboratories’ metaphor as an analytical lens through which to examine the security and risk management technologies that are being used to conduct the behaviour of football supporters in the Netherlands. It is argued that pre-emptive risk management in the policing of football supporters involves a dispersed and fragmented set of state and non-state actors that engage in the process of identifying, categorizing, monitoring and punishing supporters who are seen to pose a threat to public order. The chapter also analyzes the modes of resistance used by football supporters to countervail, weaken or subvert disciplinary matrices, showing the diversity in supporters’ responses to the techniques of pre-emptive risk management.

Item type Book Section
Official URL
ISBN 9782304040746
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Historical > FOR Classification > 1605 Policy and Administration
Current > Division/Research > College of Sports and Exercise Science
Keywords football hooliganism, risk management, football supporters, Netherlands
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