Survival of Bifidobacterium longum 1941 microencapsulated with proteins and sugars after freezing and freeze drying

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Dianawati, Dianawati, Mishra, Vijay Kumar and Shah, Nagendra P (2013) Survival of Bifidobacterium longum 1941 microencapsulated with proteins and sugars after freezing and freeze drying. Food Research International, 51 (2). pp. 503-519. ISSN 0963-9969 (print) 1873-7145 (online)


Five types of proteins and three types of sugars were examined for their effectiveness in protecting B. longum after freeze drying, including their acid and bile tolerance, surface hydrophobicity, retention of β-glucosidase, lactate dehydrogenase and adenosine triphosphatase. Sodium caseinate 12%, whey protein concentrate 12%, sodium caseinate:whey protein concentrate 6%:6%, skim milk 12%, or soy protein isolate 12% was combined with glycerol (3% w/v), mannitol (3% w/v) or maltodextrin (3% w/v). Fifteen emulsion systems containing sugars were obtained. Concentrated B. longum 1941 was incorporated into each emulsion system at a ratio of 1:4 (bacteria:emulsion). All the mixtures were then freeze dried. Water activity (aw) of freeze dried microcapsules was in the range of 0.30 to 0.35. WPC–CAS GLY provided high stability of bacteria (99.2%) during freezing, while high stability of cells after freeze drying and during exposure to acid and bile environment was achieved when CAS–MAN was applied (97.4%, 81.6% and 99.3%, respectively). High retention of β-glu of freeze-dried bacteria was achieved using SM–MAN as protectant (94.6%). ATPase and LDH were successfully retained by SM–GLY (94.9 and 83.6%, respectively) but there was no significant difference in protection effect using CAS–MAN (93.8 and 82.6%, respectively). Overall, milk proteins were superior to SPI and sugar alcohols provided more protection than MD.

Item type Article
Official URL
Subjects Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Biomedical and Health Sciences
Historical > FOR Classification > 0908 Food Sciences
Keywords milk proteins, soy protein isolate, sugars, freeze drying, B. longum
Citations in Scopus 57 - View on Scopus
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