Analysis of Membrane Distillation Crystallization System for High Salinity Brine Treatment with Zero Discharge Using Aspen Flowsheet Simulation

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Guan, Guoqiang, Wang, Rong, Wicaksana, Filicia, Yang, Xing and Fane, Anthony G (2012) Analysis of Membrane Distillation Crystallization System for High Salinity Brine Treatment with Zero Discharge Using Aspen Flowsheet Simulation. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research, 51 (41). pp. 13405-13413. ISSN 0888-5885 (print) 1520-5045 (online)

Abstract

An environmentally friendly membrane distillation crystallization (MDC) system is proposed to treat high salinity reverse osmosis (RO) brine with zero discharge. The raw brine from RO desalination plants is concentrated in direct contact MD to produce pure water, and the concentrate is then crystallized to produce solid salts without secondary disposal. A comprehensive analysis on the MDC system has been performed by Aspen flowsheet simulation with a user customized MD model, which was verified by our previous experiments. Simulation results reveal that the total energy consumption is negligibly changed by integration of a crystallization unit into the system, as over 97.8% of the energy was consumed by the heater of the MD subsystem. Higher inlet temperatures of both the feed and permeate streams in the MD module can improve the thermal efficiency. The introduction of a heat recovery unit in the MDC system, to recover the heat in the permeate for feed preheating, can increase the gain output ratio (GOR) by 28%. Moreover, it is shown that in a hollow fiber MD module, the permeate yield is a linear function of the length-to-radius ratio of the membrane module, and a longer MD module can reduce the specific energy consumption. A relatively high feed flow rate is preferred to avoid the potential problem of crystal blockage in the MD module.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/25294
DOI https://doi.org/10.1021/ie3002183
Official URL http://pubs.acs.org/doi/abs/10.1021/ie3002183
Subjects Current > FOR Classification > 0904 Chemical Engineering
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute for Sustainability and Innovation (ISI)
Keywords membrane distillation crystallization, heat and mass transfer, energy consumption, process enhancement, heat recovery system
Citations in Scopus 58 - View on Scopus
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