The Rising Prevalence of Diabetes and Impaired Glucose Tolerance: The Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study

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Dunstan, David W, Zimmet, P. Z, Welborn, T. A, de Courten, Maximilian, Cameron, Adrian J, Sicree, Richard A, Dwyer, Terry, Colagiuri, Stephen, Jolley, Damien, Knuiman, Matthew, Atkins, Robert and Shaw, Jonathan E (2002) The Rising Prevalence of Diabetes and Impaired Glucose Tolerance: The Australian Diabetes, Obesity and Lifestyle Study. Diabetes Care, 25 (5). pp. 829-834. ISSN 0149-5992 (print) 1935-5548 (online)

Abstract

OBJECTIVE—To determine the population-based prevalence of diabetes and other categories of glucose intolerance (impaired glucose tolerance [IGT] and impaired fasting glucose [IFG]) in Australia and to compare the prevalence with previous Australian data. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS—A national sample involving 11,247 participants aged ≥25 years living in 42 randomly selected areas from the six states and the Northern Territory were examined in a cross-sectional survey using the 75-g oral glucose tolerance test to assess fasting and 2-h plasma glucose concentrations. The World Health Organization diagnostic criteria were used to determine the prevalence of abnormal glucose tolerance. RESULTS—The prevalence of diabetes in Australia was 8.0% in men and 6.8% in women, and an additional 17.4% of men and 15.4% of women had IGT or IFG. Even in the youngest age group (25–34 years), 5.7% of subjects had abnormal glucose tolerance. The overall diabetes prevalence in Australia was 7.4%, and an additional 16.4% had IGT or IFG. Diabetes prevalence has more than doubled since 1981, and this is only partially explained by changes in age profile and obesity. CONCLUSIONS—Australia has a rapidly rising prevalence of diabetes and other categories of abnormal glucose tolerance. The prevalence of abnormal glucose tolerance in Australia is one of the highest yet reported from a developed nation with a predominantly Europid background.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/25456
DOI https://doi.org/10.2337/diacare.25.5.829
Official URL http://care.diabetesjournals.org/content/25/5/829....
Subjects Current > FOR Classification > 1117 Public Health and Health Services
Current > Division/Research > College of Health and Biomedicine
Keywords comparative study, oral glucose tolerance test, lifestyle study, diabetes mellitus, epidemiological studies, type 2 diabetes
Citations in Scopus 685 - View on Scopus
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