Internal and External Attribution of Success and Failure in a Gambling and Non-Gambling Situation.

Ohtsuka, Keis and Hyam, Petra (2003) Internal and External Attribution of Success and Failure in a Gambling and Non-Gambling Situation. In: Proceedings of the 12th Annual National Association for Gambling Studies Conference, Melbourne, November 2002. The National Association for Gambling Studies, Alphington, Vic, Australia, 357 -369.


The aim of the current study was to compare the internal and external attributions of success and failure in a sample including recreational gamblers and non-gamblers. Seventy-seven participants (32 males 44 females, 1 unknown sex), ranging in age from 18 to 72 years, who had all gambled at some time in their life, participated in the current study. The Multidimensional-Multiattributional Causality Scale (Lefcourt, Von Baeyer, Ware, & Cox, 1979), a modified version of South Oaks Gambling Screen (Lesieur & Blume, 1993), and Youth Gambling Behaviour Survey (Moore & Ohtsuka, 1997) were administered to measure attribution, problem gambling and illusion of control beliefs. It was hypothesised that internal and external attributions of success or failure in skill and chance situations will be different a) between individuals with no gambling problem and those with a possible gambling problem, and b) between individuals with high or low levels of illusion of control beliefs. The results showed a statistically significant difference in attribution between the gambling and non-gambling situations for all participants. In a gambling situation, respondents attributed successes and failures externally, whereas in a work/study situation, they attributed successes and failures internally. However, between gamblers and non-gamblers, no differences were found in the pattern of external/internal attributions. Possible problem gamblers showed high external Locus of Control scores for both gambling and work/study context. Individuals with high illusion of control beliefs had significantly higher ratings for external attributions in both situations than those with low illusion of control beliefs.

Item type Book Section
ISBN 09585335825
Subjects Historical > RFCD Classification > 380000 Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Social Sciences and Psychology
Keywords gambling; attribution of success and failure; internal and external attribution
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