Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Imaging for Noninvasive Characterization of Carotid Artery Atherosclerotic Plaques: A Feasibility Study

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Dahl, Jeremy J, Dumont, Douglas M, Allen, Jason, Miller, Elizabeth M and Trahey, Gregg E (2009) Acoustic Radiation Force Impulse Imaging for Noninvasive Characterization of Carotid Artery Atherosclerotic Plaques: A Feasibility Study. Ultrasound in Medicine and Biology, 35 (5). pp. 707-716. ISSN 0301-5629

Abstract

Atherosclerotic disease in the carotid artery is a risk factor for stroke. The susceptibility of atherosclerotic plaque to rupture, however, is challenging to determine by any imaging method. In this study, acoustic radiation force impulse (ARFI) imaging is applied to atherosclerotic disease in the carotid artery to determine the feasibility of using ARFI to noninvasively characterize carotid plaques. ARFI imaging is a useful method for characterizing the local mechanical properties of tissue and is complementary to B-mode imaging. ARFI imaging can readily distinguish between stiff and soft regions of tissue. High-resolution images of both homogeneous and heterogeneous plaques were observed. Homogeneous plaques were indistinguishable in stiffness from vascular tissue. However, they showed thicknesses much greater than normal vascular tissue. In heterogeneous plaques, large and small soft regions were observed, with the smallest observed soft region having a diameter of 0.5 mm. A stiff cap was observed covering the large soft tissue region, with the cap thickness ranging from 0.7–1.3 mm. (E-mail: jeremy.dahl@duke.edu)

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/25760
DOI https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ultrasmedbio.2008.11.001
Official URL http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S...
Subjects Current > FOR Classification > 0903 Biomedical Engineering
Current > FOR Classification > 1102 Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
Current > Division/Research > College of Sports and Exercise Science
Keywords ultrasound, ultrasonic imaging, atherosclerosis, carotid plaque, radiation force, ARFI
Citations in Scopus 93 - View on Scopus
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