Potential impact of interventions to reduce times to thrombolysis

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Goodacre, S, Kelly, Anne-Maree and Kerr, Debra (2004) Potential impact of interventions to reduce times to thrombolysis. Emergency Medicine Journal, 21 (5). pp. 625-629. ISSN 1472-0205


Objectives: To estimate the lifesaving potential of interventions to accelerate the administration of intravenous thrombolysis for myocardial infarction. Methods: Data were analysed from a prospective, observational study of all patients transported to hospital by ambulance, who subsequently received intravenous thrombolysis at 20 hospitals and two ambulance services in Victoria, Australia (n = 1147). Regression models estimated the association between predictor variables age, sex, route of referral, symptom onset to call time, ambulance pre-notification of the receiving hospital, emergency department thrombolysis, and the outcome, time to thrombolysis. Further modelling estimated the number needed to treat to save one life by several recommended interventions to reduce time delays. Results: Presentation via a rural hospital or general practitioner was associated with an approximate doubling of the onset to call time (2.08 and 2.30 respectively). Ambulance-hospital pre-notification and emergency department thrombolysis reduced door to needle times by 21% and 27% respectively. Modelling showed that each of the following interventions would be expected to save one life: 1069 hospital pre-notifications, 714 cases of emergency department thrombolysis, 184 cases of prehospital thrombolysis, 340 cases to bypass their rural hospital, or 50 cases to bypass their general practitioner. Conclusions: Hospital pre-notification and emergency department thrombolysis reduce time delays, although the mortality impact seems to be modest. Prehospital thrombolysis has the potential to save lives, although validation in real practice is required. Advising patients to call directly for an ambulance, rather than the general practitioner, has the greatest potential to save lives.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/2583
DOI 10.1136/emj.2003.012575
Official URL http://emj.bmj.com/content/21/5/625.abstract
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1102 Cardiorespiratory Medicine and Haematology
Historical > FOR Classification > 1103 Clinical Sciences
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Nursing and Midwifery
Keywords ResPubID19037, intravenous thrombolytic therapy, acute myocardial infarction, AMI, thrombolysis
Citations in Scopus 16 - View on Scopus
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