Optimal design of rain gauge network in the Middle Yarra River catchment, Australia

Adhikary, Sajal Kumar, Yilmaz, Abdullah and Muttil, Nitin ORCID: 0000-0001-7758-8365 (2014) Optimal design of rain gauge network in the Middle Yarra River catchment, Australia. Hydrological Processes. 2582 - 2599. ISSN 0885-6087


Rainfall data are a fundamental input for effective planning, designing and operating of water resources projects. A well-designed rain gauge network is capable of providing accurate estimates of necessary areal average and/or point rainfall estimates at any desired ungauged location in a catchment. Increasing network density with additional rain gauge stations has been the main underlying criterion in the past to reduce error and uncertainty in rainfall estimates. However, installing and operation of additional stations in a network involves large cost and manpower. Hence, the objective of this study is to design an optimal rain gauge network in the Middle Yarra River catchment in Victoria, Australia. The optimal positioning of additional stations as well as optimally relocating of existing redundant stations using the kriging-based geostatistical approach was undertaken in this study. Reduction of kriging error was considered as an indicator for optimal spatial positioning of the stations. Daily rainfall records of 1997 (an El Niño year) and 2010 (a La Niña year) were used for the analysis. Ordinary kriging was applied for rainfall data interpolation to estimate the kriging error for the network. The results indicate that significant reduction in the kriging error can be achieved by the optimal spatial positioning of the additional as well as redundant stations. Thus, the obtained optimal rain gauge network is expected to be appropriate for providing high quality rainfall estimates over the catchment. The concept proposed in this study for optimal rain gauge network design through combined use of additional and redundant stations together is equally applicable to any other catchment.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/26712
DOI 10.1002/hyp.10389
Official URL http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1002/hyp.103...
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 0905 Civil Engineering
Current > Division/Research > College of Science and Engineering
Keywords rainfall data; rain gauge network; catchment; water resources; management; Victoria; statistics
Citations in Scopus 71 - View on Scopus
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