Resistance training for chronic heart failure patients on beta blocker medications

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Levinger, Itamar, Bronks, Roger, Cody, David, Linton, Ian and Davie, Allan (2005) Resistance training for chronic heart failure patients on beta blocker medications. International Journal of Cardiology, 102 (3). pp. 493-499. ISSN 0167-5273


Background: Resistance training increases the skeletal muscle strength and functional ability of chronic heart failure patients. However, there is limited data regarding the effect of resistance training on the hemodynamic responses and peak oxygen consumption (peak VO2) of chronic heart failure patients treated with beta-blocker. This study examined the effect of resistance training on hemodynamics, peak aerobic capacity, muscle strength and quality of life of chronic heart failure patients on beta-blockers medication. Methods: Fifteen men diagnosed with chronic heart failure were matched to either a resistance training program or non-training control group. At baseline and after 8 weeks of resistance training patients performed both Balke incremental and maximal strength tests and completed quality of life questionnaires. Results: The resistance training group demonstrated a significant increase of walking time and peak VO2 by 11.7% (p=0.002) and ~19% (p<0.05), respectively Peak VO2 was significantly correlated with both walking time (r=0.54, p=0.038) and change in total weight lifted (r=0.55, p=0.034). Quality of life significantly increased by 87% (p=0.030). The improvement in quality of life was correlated with post training peak VO2 (r=0.58, p=0.025) and total weight lifted during the post maximal strength test (r=−0.52, p=0.047). Conclusions: The benefits from resistance training for chronic heart failure patients on beta-blocker medication included an increased aerobic and exercise capacity, skeletal muscle strength and most importantly, an improvement in the quality of life, which is the main goal of cardiac rehabilitation programs. Furthermore, with appropriate supervision, it is recommended that resistance exercise be added to the exercise rehabilitation program of these patients when possible.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.1016/j.ijcard.2004.05.061
Official URL
Subjects Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Sport and Exercise Science
Keywords ResPubID18662, resistance training, chronic heart failure patient, Beta blocker medication
Citations in Scopus 45 - View on Scopus
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