Lithium Intercalation into the Titanosilicate Sitinakite

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Milne, Nicholas A, Griffith, Christopher S, Hanna, John V, Skyllas-Kazacos, Maria and Luca, Vittorio (2006) Lithium Intercalation into the Titanosilicate Sitinakite. Chemistry of Materials, 18 (14). pp. 3192-3202. ISSN 0897-4756


A preliminary investigation of lithium intercalation into the microporous titanosilicate sitinakite (with nominal formula Na2Ti2O3SiO4â2.76H2O), along with its ion-exchanged (H+ and Li+) and niobiumdoped variant, Na2Ti1.9Nb0.1O3SiO4â2.76H2O, is reported. The sitinakite framework intercalates lithium with some degree of reversibility; however, capacity fade and a steep voltage profile are observed. Furthermore the low potential of the intercalation reactions appears to coincide with the breakdown of the electrolyte and solvent components used in this study. Ion exchange of Na+ in the parent sitinakite framework for H+ shows improved electrochemical performance of the titanosilicate-based electrode composition, while Li+ exchange affords the opposite. It is postulated that the ion-exchanged Li+ occupies sites within the sitinakite framework which are desirable for electrochemically inserted lithium, reducing electrochemical occupancy and hence capacity. Improved electrochemical performance has been realized through the heat treatment of electrodes with capacities after 20 cycles in the range 180-200 mA h g-1. This capacity compares favorably with that reported for rutile at high temperature and the recently commercialized Li4Ti5O12.

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Item type Article
DOI DOI: 10.1021/cm0523337
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Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 0205 Optical Physics
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Institute for Sustainability and Innovation (ISI)
Historical > FOR Classification > 0306 Physical Chemistry (incl. Structural)
Historical > FOR Classification > 0303 Macromolecular and Materials Chemistry
Keywords ResPubID16374, polarization, electrode processes, photoelectrochemistry, intercalation, deintercalation, lithium, titanium, silicon, sodium
Citations in Scopus 18 - View on Scopus
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