Modeling the Pyrolysis and Combustion Behaviors of Non-Charring and Intumescent-Protected Polymers Using “FiresCone”

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Joseph, Paul ORCID: 0000-0002-5503-9979, Shi, L, Chew, MYL and Novozhilov, Vassili (2015) Modeling the Pyrolysis and Combustion Behaviors of Non-Charring and Intumescent-Protected Polymers Using “FiresCone”. Polymers, 7 (10). 1979 - 1997. ISSN 2073-4360


A mathematical model, named FiresCone, was developed to simulate the pyrolysis and combustion processes of different types of combustible materials, which also took into account both gas and solid phases. In the present study, some non-charring and intumescent-protected polymer samples were investigated regarding their combustion behaviors in response to pre-determined external heat fluxes. The modeling results were validated against the experimental outcomes obtained from a cone calorimeter. The predicted mass loss rates of the samples were found to fit reasonably well with the experimental data collected under various levels of external irradiation. Both the experimental and modeling results showed that the peak mass loss rate of the non-charring polymer material occurred near the end of burning, whereas for the intumescent-protected polymer it happed shortly after the start of the experiment. “FiresCone” is expected to act as a practical tool for the investigation of fire behavior of combustible materials. It is also expected to model fire scenarios under complicated conditions.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.3390/polym7101495
Official URL
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 0904 Chemical Engineering
Historical > FOR Classification > 0907 Environmental Engineering
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Centre for Environmental Safety and Risk Engineering (CESARE)
Keywords pyrolysis; combustion; numerical modeling; cone calorimeter; non-charring polymer; intumescent-protected polymer
Citations in Scopus 17 - View on Scopus
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