Pyrolysis combustion flow calorimetry studies on some reactively modified polymers

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Tretsiakova-McNally, S and Joseph, Paul ORCID: 0000-0002-5503-9979 (2015) Pyrolysis combustion flow calorimetry studies on some reactively modified polymers. Polymers, 7 (3). 453 - 467. ISSN 2073-4360


As a part of our continuing work to improve the flame retardance of some chain-growth polymers, by employing a reactive route, we have synthesized several unsaturated compounds containing either phosphorus (P), or both phosphorus (P) and nitrogen (N), bearing groups in different chemical environments. They included: diethyl(acryloyloxymethyl)phosphonate (DEAMP); diethyl(1-acryloyloxyethyl)phosphonate (DE1AEP); diethyl-2-(acryloyloxy)ethyl phosphate (DEAEP); diethyl-2-(metharyloyloxy)ethyl phosphate (DEMEP); acrylic acid-2-(diethoxyphosphorylamino)ethyl ester (ADEPAE); acrylic acid-2-[(diethoxyphosphoryl)methyl amino]ethyl ester (ADEPMAE). Acrylonitrile (AN), methyl methacrylate (MMA) and styrene (S) were free radically copolymerised with the above mentioned comonomers. The recovered polymers were subjected to routine spectroscopic and thermo-gravimetric analyses. In addition, the combustion behaviours of homopolymers as well as the copolymers containing nominal loadings of P-, or P/N-, groups were, primarily, evaluated using pyrolysis combustion flow calorimetry (PCFC). PCFC has been found to be a very useful screening technique, especially, in establishing the efficacies of the different modifying groups towards flame retarding some base polymeric materials. Values of the heat release capacity (HRC) values normalised to the P contents (wt%) can be considered as useful tool in ranking the various P-containing modifying groups in terms of their efficacies to flame-retard non-halogenated chain-growth polymers considered in the present work.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.3390/polym7030453
Official URL
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 0904 Chemical Engineering
Historical > FOR Classification > 0907 Environmental Engineering
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Centre for Environmental Safety and Risk Engineering (CESARE)
Current > Division/Research > College of Science and Engineering
Keywords chain-growth polymers; chemical modification; flame retardance; pyrolysis combustion flow calorimetry; heat release rate; heat release capacity
Citations in Scopus 23 - View on Scopus
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