The impact of school tobacco policies on student smoking in Washington State, United States and Victoria, Australia

Evans-Whipp, TJ, Bond, Lyndal ORCID: 0000-0003-1693-5508, Ukoumunne, OC, Toumbourou, JW and Catalano, RF (2010) The impact of school tobacco policies on student smoking in Washington State, United States and Victoria, Australia. International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, 7 (3). 698 - 710. ISSN 1660-4601

Abstract

This paper measures tobacco polices in statewide representative samples of secondary and mixed schools in Victoria, Australia and Washington, US (N = 3,466 students from 285 schools) and tests their association with student smoking. Results from confounder-adjusted random effects (multi-level) regression models revealed that the odds of student perception of peer smoking on school grounds are decreased in schools that have strict enforcement of policy (odds ratio (OR) = 0.45; 95% CI: 0.25 to 0.82; p = 0.009). There was no clear evidence in this study that a comprehensive smoking ban, harsh penalties, remedial penalties, harm minimization policy or abstinence policy impact on any of the smoking outcomes. © 2010 by the authors.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/33536
DOI https://doi.org/10.3390/ijerph7030698
Official URL http://www.mdpi.com/1660-4601/7/3/698
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1117 Public Health and Health Services
Current > Division/Research > College of Health and Biomedicine
Keywords curriculum-based smoking prevention program; drug education; school tobacco policy
Citations in Scopus 27 - View on Scopus
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