The Effect of Fuel Quantity and Location on Small Enclosure Fires

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Thomas, Ian, Moinuddin, Khalid ORCID: 0000-0002-1831-6754 and Bennetts, Ian (2007) The Effect of Fuel Quantity and Location on Small Enclosure Fires. Journal of Fire Protection Engineering, 17 (2). pp. 85-102. ISSN 1042-3915


Results from an experimental program undertaken to study the effect of fuel quantity and location on ethanol pool fires in the open and in a small enclosure (an ISO 9705 room) are compared with simulations using the Fire Dynamics Simulator version 4.03 (FDS4). The fuel in trays is placed at three locations (front, back, and center) within the room enclosure as well as directly under the calorimeter hood. The measured heat release rate (HRR) is found to vary substantially when a fuel package consisting of different quantities of ethanol is placed at different locations within the room. Instead of prescribing this HRR into the FDS simulation, these experimental results are compared with HRR predictions obtained using the FDS4 combustion model. The comparison reveals that there are significant and variable differences between the experimental results and the FDS4 predictions in contrast to simulations where the HRR is prescribed.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.1177/1042391506064908
Official URL
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 0912 Materials Engineering
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Centre for Environmental Safety and Risk Engineering (CESARE)
Historical > FOR Classification > 0907 Environmental Engineering
Historical > SEO Classification > 8702 Construction Design
Keywords ResPubID13313, burning rate, heat release rate, pool fire, ISO 9705 room, fuel location, grid size
Citations in Scopus 22 - View on Scopus
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