Urban Poverty in China and its Contributing Factors 1986-2000

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Meng, Xin, Gregory, Robert and Wan, Guanhua (2007) Urban Poverty in China and its Contributing Factors 1986-2000. Review of Income and Wealth, 53 (1). pp. 167-189. ISSN 0034-6586


Food price increases and the introduction of radical social welfare and enterprise reforms during the 1990s generated significant changes in the lives of urban households in China. During this period urban poverty increased considerably. This paper uses household level data from 1986 to 2000 to examine what determines whether households fall below the poverty line over this period and investigates how the impact of these determinants has changed through time. We find that large households and households with more nonworking members are more likely to be poor, suggesting that perhaps the change from the old implicit price subsidies, based on household size, to an explicit income subsidy, based on employment, has worsened the position of large families. Further investigation into regional poverty variation indicates that over the 1986–93 period food price increases were also a major contributing factor. Between 1994 and 2000 the worsening of the economic situation of state sector employees contributed to the poverty increase.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/3451
DOI 10.1111/j.1475-4991.2007.00222.x
Official URL http://www3.interscience.wiley.com/journal/1185033...
Subjects Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Centre for Strategic Economic Studies (CSES)
Historical > FOR Classification > 1402 Applied Economics
Historical > SEO Classification > 9199 Other Economic Framework
Keywords ResPubID18410, poverty, China
Citations in Scopus 33 - View on Scopus
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