A review of clinical and molecular prognostic factors in osteosarcoma

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Clark, Jonathan C. M, Dass, Crispin R and Choong, Peter F. M (2008) A review of clinical and molecular prognostic factors in osteosarcoma. Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology, 134 (3). pp. 281-297. ISSN 0171-5216


Traditional prognostic determinants in osteosarcoma have included demographics (age, sex), tumour size, site, stage, and the response to chemotherapy. Many of these are determined using varying techniques and units of measurement, which can make comparison between studies diYcult. The absence of survival diVerence between limb sparing surgery and amputation has been repeatedly demonstrated in primary disease, and even in the setting of pathological fracture. On the other hand, there is still some controversy over the existence of increased local recurrence for limb-sparing surgery, and the implications of this. Commonly used prognostic determinants such as metastases, and response to chemotherapy enable a high degree of prognostic accuracy but usually at a late stage in the course of disease. Leading on from this, there is a need to uncover molecular pathways with speciWc inXuence over osteosarcoma progression to facilitate earlier treatment changes. Some important pathways are already being deWned, for example the association of CXCR4 with metastases on presentation, the likelihood of doxorubicin resistance with positive P-glycoprotein, and the reduced survival prediction of over expressed survivin. It is anticipated that the future of osteosarcoma treatment will involve treatment tailored to the molecular proWle of tumours at diagnosis, adjuvant therapy directed towards dysfunctional molecular pathways rather than the use of cytotoxics, and a more standardised approach to the measurement of clinical prognostic factors.

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Item type Article
URI https://vuir.vu.edu.au/id/eprint/3573
DOI 10.1007/s00432-007-0330-x
Official URL http://link.springer.com/article/10.1007%2Fs00432-...
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1112 Oncology and Carcinogenesis
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Biomedical and Health Sciences
Historical > SEO Classification > 9201 Clinical Health (Organs, Diseases and Abnormal Conditions)
Keywords ResPubID18854. osteosarcoma, prognosis, molecular, staging, metastasis, chemotherapy
Citations in Scopus 226 - View on Scopus
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