Sex Differences in Pathological Gambling Using Gaming Machines.

Ohtsuka, Keis, Bruton, Eric, DeLuca, Louisa and Borg, Victoria (1997) Sex Differences in Pathological Gambling Using Gaming Machines. Psychological Reports, 80 (3 / Pa). pp.1015 to 1057. ISSN 0033-2941


With recent introduction of poker machines in Australia, there have been claims of increases in the number of women with gambling-related problems. Research in the United States indicates however, that men have a higher incidence of pathological gambling. The aims of this study were to ascertain among game machine users in a major city in Australia whether (a) more women than men exhibited symptoms of pathological gambling, (b) women reported higher guilt associated with their gambling, and (c) gamblers' self-assessment on several mood states was predictive of pathological gambling. A modified version of the South Oaks Gambling Screen was administered to 104 users of game machines (44 men, 60 women) sampled from patrons at gaming venues in Melbourne, Australia. Data indicated no significant sex difference in the proportion of pathological gamblers, or in gambling-related guilt. Self-assessment of Happiness, Propensity for Boredom, and Loneliness, significantly predicted scores on the South Oaks Gambling Screen, with Unhappiness a significant independent predictor of pathological gambling. This may suggest that gambling acts to fill a need in the lives of unhappy people or that individuals who lack control over their gambling report higher unhappiness. Further research is needed to discover this relationship.

Additional Information

Ohtsuka, Keis and Bruton, Eric and DeLuca, Louisa and Published as Borg, Victoria (1997) Sex differences in pathological gambling using gaming machines. Psychological Reports, 80 (3 / Part 1). pp.1015 to 1057

Item type Article
Official URL
Subjects Historical > RFCD Classification > 380000 Behavioural and Cognitive Sciences
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > School of Social Sciences and Psychology
Keywords human sex differences; pathological gambling; games; poker machine; gambling; emotional states; Australia
Citations in Scopus 30 - View on Scopus
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