Athletic Identity in China: Examining the AIMS in a Hong Kong Sample

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Li, Hin Yue and Andersen, Mark B (2008) Athletic Identity in China: Examining the AIMS in a Hong Kong Sample. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 6 (2). pp. 176-188. ISSN 1612197X


As one of the domains of the self-concept, athletic identity is the degree to which a person identifies with the role of being an athlete and the strength and exclusivity of that identity. The Athletic Identity Measurement Scale (AIMS; Brewer, Van Raalte, & Linder, 1993) is the primary tool used to assess athletic identity. We investigated the internal consistency and factor structure of a Chinese version of the AIMS in a sample of Chinese athletes from Hong Kong (N = 186) by performing confirmatory factor analyses (CFAs) and calculating Cronbach's alphas on five different models proposed in the literature. The CFAs showed that three multi-dimensional models were better fits to the Hong Kong data than the original unidimenional model, although they were still not adequate. Only the model with four factors met acceptable levels on the three major indices of RMSEA, TLI, and CFI. Possible reasons why this model fit best in a Hong Kong sample are discussed. Further cross-cultural research and psychometric evaluation of the AIMS in non-Western cultures are suggested.

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Item type Article
DOI 10.1080/1612197X.2008.9671860
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 2002 Cultural Studies
Historical > FOR Classification > 1608 Sociology
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Centre for Ageing, Rehabilitation, Exercise & Sport Science (CARES)
Historical > FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Historical > SEO Classification > 970117 Expanding Knowledge in Psychology and Cognitive Sciences
Keywords ResPubID16167, athletic identity, validation, psychometrics, Chinese sample, culture
Citations in Scopus 13 - View on Scopus
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