How baseball players prepare to bat: tactical knowledge as a mediator of expert performance in baseball

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McPherson, Sue and MacMahon, Clare (2008) How baseball players prepare to bat: tactical knowledge as a mediator of expert performance in baseball. Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 30 (6). pp. 755-778. ISSN 0895-2779


Our understanding of the role of tactical knowledge in baseball batting preparation is scarce, thereby limiting training guidelines. We examined the verbal reports of baseball players and nonplayers when told to view different edited video sequences of a half-inning of baseball competition under different task conditions: to prepare to bat (problem solve); recall as much information as possible (intentional recall); or prepare to bat, with an unexpected recall (incidental recall). Separate mixed-model ANOVAs (Expertise  Instruction conditions) on verbal report measures indicated that nonplayers used general strategies for recalling baseball events and lacked the tactical skills to use such information for their upcoming times at bat. In contrast, players used baseball-specific strategies to encode and retrieve pertinent game events from long-term memory (LTM) to develop tactics for their upcoming times at bat and to recall as much information as possible. Recommendations for training tactical skills are presented as some players exhibited deficiencies in the LTM structures that mediate batting decisions.

Item type Article
Official URL
Subjects Historical > FOR Classification > 1702 Cognitive Science
Historical > Faculty/School/Research Centre/Department > Centre for Ageing, Rehabilitation, Exercise & Sport Science (CARES)
Historical > FOR Classification > 1106 Human Movement and Sports Science
Keywords ResPubID16480, tactical knowledge, baseball batting preparation, training guidelines, recall, batting decisions, long-term memory
Citations in Scopus 34 - View on Scopus
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